The Korean Alphabet is known to be the most scientific writing system in the world. This letter system is called Hangeul. Each character in Hangeul represents a unique sound in a systematic way, which makes it very easy and clear to learn this letter system. Hangeul was developed in 1443 by King Sejong (1397-1450) who clearly stated the purpose of developing this letter system. It was basically to let everyone in the nation to be able to read and write easily. He created the shapes of the characters in a way that they resemble the shapes of the human organs when they are pronounced. Korean was written with Chinese characters, but this was replaced by the Hangul alphabet. Both the old logographic system and the newer phonetic system are in use in Korea today, however Hangul is predominant in everyday usage.
Hangul is made of an alphabet of 21 vowel and 19 consonant symbols. You typically do not have to ask how to spell something. This is possible because one character in Hangeul is mapped to only one sound. While you learn this letter system, you will be amazed to see how easy it is to learn and how powerful it is.
Korean language spoken by more than 75 million people, of whom 48 million live in South Korea and 24 million in North Korea. There are more than 2 million speakers in China, approximately 1 million in the United States and about 500,000 in Japan. Korean is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea.